Menya amateka ya Perezida waharaniye ubwigenge bwa Zambia, Kenneth Kaunda, wapfuye afite imyaka 97

Kenneth Kaunda, perezida washinze Zambiya wayoboye igihugu cye imyaka 27 kandi aharanira ko Afurika irwanya ivanguramoko na virusi itera SIDA, yapfuye afite imyaka 97.

Mu butumwa yanditse ku rubuga rwe rwa Facebook, Perezida Edgar Lungu yagize ati: “Mu izina ry’igihugu cyose no mu izina ryanjye, ndasaba ko umuryango wa Kaunda wose wahumurizwa mu gihe turirira perezida wa mbere ndetse n’icyamamare nyacyo cyo muri Afurika.”

Abayobozi batangaje iminsi 21 y’icyunamo kubera intwari yo kwibohora yategetse kuva 1964, nyuma y’igihugu cya Afrika yepfo cyabonye ubwigenge bwu Bwongereza, kugeza 1991.

Nubwo ubukungu bwa Zambiya bushingiye ku muringa bwari bwifashe nabi mu gihe yari ayoboye, Kaunda azibukwa cyane kubera uruhare rwe nk’umurwanyi urwanya ubukoloni wahagurukiye kurwanya Afurika y’Epfo kuyoborwa n’abazungu bake.

Yasangiye igihombo n’imiryango itabarika yo muri Afurika igihe umuhungu we Masuzyo yapfaga azize SIDA mu 1986, maze atangira urugendo rwe bwite rwo kurwanya iyi ndwara.

Mu 2002, yatangarije bimwe mu binyamakuru agira ati: “Iki ni ikibazo gikomeye kuri Afurika. Tugomba kurwanya SIDA kandi tugomba kubitangira ubu.”

“Twarwanyije ubukoloni. Tugomba noneho gukoresha ishyaka nk’iryo mu kurwanya SIDA, ibangamiye Afurika.”

Kubera ko Kaunda yari umuyobozi w’igihugu cya mbere muri ako karere cyatandukanije n’abakoloni b’i Burayi, Kaunda yakoze cyane kugira ngo akurure andi makoloni yahoze akurikirwa na Zambiya ku butegetsi bwa benshi.

Mu 1991, yahatiwe gukora amatora ya mbere y’amashyaka menshi mu myaka 23, ayatsindwa n’umwanzi umaze igihe kinini, wakoraga ibijyanye n’ubucuruzi, Frederick Chiluba.

N’ubwo yashimwaga cyane nk’umuntu ususurutse kandi ufite amarangamutima, abatora batoye bamuziza kuramba ku ntebe y’Ubutegetsi kandi acunga ubukungu nabi.

Kenneth David Kaunda yavutse ku ya 28 Mata 1924, yari umuhererezi mu bana umunani akavukira mu gace Scotland Church i Lubwa mu majyaruguru y’igihugu.

Yarazwi kandi ku izina rya “Buchizya” yakoze imirimo itoroshye kugira ngo abone amafaranga y’ishuri nyuma y’urupfu rwa se. Yakoze nk’umwarimu n’umukozi ushinzwe imibereho myiza y’amabuye y’agaciro maze yinjira muri politiki mu 1949 nk’umunyamuryango washinze Kongere y’igihugu ya Afurika y’Amajyaruguru ya Rodeziya.

Mu minsi ye ya mbere y’imyigaragambyo yo kurwanya ubukoloni, yagendaga ku igare ava mu mudugudu ajya mu mudugudu abwiriza ubutegetsi bwa benshi.

Intsinzi yo mu 1963 yatsinzwe na UNIP, yari yaratandukanye na ANC mu myaka itanu mbere, bituma Kaunda aba minisitiri w’intebe wa Rodeziya y’Amajyaruguru. Mu bwigenge mu 1964, yabaye perezida wa Zambiya nshya.

Igihe yatakazaga ingufu, Kaunda yamenyekanye cyane yari yagabanutse kandi ingorane zafashe benshi mu baturage be miliyoni 11 kubera ko igiciro cy’umuringa, ibyoherezwa mu mahanga mu gihugu cyagabanutse.

Nyuma yimyaka 27 yigisha abanyafurika bagenzi be uburyo bwo kubaka igihugu cyigenga, yahuye namakuba murugo rwe ndetse ibintu bitaje kumworohera mu rugendo rwe.

Muri Kamena 1990 umusaruro w’imbere mu gihugu wikubye kabiri ku giciro cy’ifunguro ry’ibigori, ibiryo byari byibanze ku Banya Zambia benshi, byateje imvururu z’iminsi itatu aho abantu 27 bishwe, 150 barakomereka ndetse amagana atabwa muri yombi ingabo zimuka.

Muri uko kwezi, umuliyetena w’ingabo yinjiye muri sitidiyo ya radiyo ya Leta maze atangaza ko Kaunda yahiritswe, yohereza abantu bihutira kujya mu mihanda ya Lusaka bishimye.

Ihirikwa ry’ubutegetsi ryabaye impimbano maze liyetona arafatwa, ariko abantu benshi babyerekanye ko Kaunda yari akunzwe cyane.

Mu bibazo by’ububanyi n’amahanga, Kaunda yari umuntu uzwi cyane mu bihugu birindwi byo muri Afurika yepfo byayoboye urugamba rwo kurwanya ivanguramoko, maze areka Kongere y’igihugu Nyafurika ya Nelson Mandela (ANC) ikora urugo-mu buhungiro i Lusaka mu myaka mirongo itatu yari yarabujijwe muri Afurika y’Epfo.

Kaunda yagize kandi uruhare runini mu biganiro byigenga bya Mozambique mu 1975, ibya Zimbabwe mu 1980 na Namibiya mu 1990.

Nyuma y’umuhungu we n’umuragwa muri politiki Wezi Kaunda wishwe mu Kwakira 1999, Kaunda yatangaje ko yahise ava muri politiki y’imbere mu gihugu kugira ngo ashishikarire guhagarika ikwirakwizwa rya SIDA abinyujije mu kigo cye cyitwa Kenneth Kaunda Children of Africa Foundation.

Usibye Masuzyo na Wezi, Kaunda yashakanye n’umugore witwa Betty babyaranye abandi bana batandatu – abahungu bane n’abakobwa babiri.

Mu myaka ye ya nyuma yabayeho mu mutuzo, ahanini aguma mu rugo kandi rimwe na rimwe agaragara mu mirimo ya Leta.

Nyakwigendera Perezida wa Zambia Kaunda ubwo yararikumwe n’umuryango we 16 DECEMBER 1964, Copyright: Topfoto PUBLICATIONxINxGERxSUIxAUTxONLY UnitedArchivesIPU490169

Nyakwigendera Perezida Kaunda arikumwe n’umugore we mugihe bari bakiri bato

Perezida Kaunda yabashije guhura na Martin L. King wavugiraga abaribura mu gihugu cya Amerika

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