Twibukiranye urugendo rw’ubuzima  bw’umwanditsi w’igitabo Chinua Achebe,yari muntu ki?

Chinua Achebe yari umwanditsi w’ibitabo wo muri Nijeriya akaba n’umwanditsi w’igitabo cyamenyekanye cyane cyitwa ‘Things Fall Apart ‘umurimo ya koraga  wo kwandika ibitabo bya muteye kwitwa’ umukurambere w’ibitabo byo muri Afurika(African novel).

Chinua Achebe, The Father of Modern African Literature Dies at 82 |  AfriQtalk DiasporaNk’uko tudasiba kubagezaho amakuru y’ibyamamare n’urubyiruko ruhanga udushya,twifashishije ikinyamakuru biography.com, celebzmagazine.com yaguteguriye icyegeranyo ku buzima bwe.

Chinua Achebe, Author Info, Published Books, Bio, Photo, Video, and MoreChinua Achebe yigaragaje cyane mu gusohora igitabo cye cya mbere yise (Things Fall Apart, in 1958). Azwiho kuba umwe mu bikorwa bya seminari y’ubuvanganzo nyafurika, yagurishije kopi zirenga miliyoni 20 kandi icyi gitabo cye gihindurwa mu ndimi zirenga 50.

Meet Chinua Achebe, Author of "Things Fall Apart" Achebe  yanditse ibitabo  nka No Longer at Ease (1960), Arrow of God (1964) na Anthills of Savannah (1987), kandi yakoraga nk’umwarimu muri kaminuza zizwi muri Amerika na Nijeriya. Yapfuye ku ya 21 Werurwe 2013, afite imyaka 82, i Boston, muri Massachusetts. 

Ubuzima bwe mbere y’umwuga 

Umwanditsi w’icyamamare akaba n’umurezi Chinua Achebe, akivuka ba mwise Albert Chinualumogu Achebe ku ya 16 Ugushyingo 1930, avukira mu mujyi wa Igbo muri Ogidi mu burasirazuba bwa Nijeriya. Achebe amaze kwiga icyongereza muri college  ya kaminuza (ubu ni kaminuza ya Ibadan) nyuma akaza kwigisha, Achebe yinjiye mu kigo cya Nijeriya Broadcasting Corporation mu 1961 nk’umuyobozi wari ushinzwe gutangaza amakuru hanze. Yakoraga muri urwo rwego  kugeza mu 1966.

‘Things Fall Apart’

Mu 1958, Achebe yasohoye igitabo cye cya mbere cyitwa ‘Things Fall Apart’ Igitabo gishya cyibanda ku makimbirane hagati y’umuco nyafurika kavukire n’ingaruka z’abamisiyonari b’Abakristo b’Abazungu na guverinoma y’abakoloni muri Nijeriya. Icyi gitabo cyagenze neza cyane kandi gisabwa gusomwa mu mashuri menshi ku isi.

‘No Longer at Ease’ and Teaching PositionsMu myaka y’1960 byabaye ibihe byiza kandi  bitanga umusaruro kuri Achebe. Mu 1961, yashakanye na Christie Chinwe Okoli, muri iyi myaka icumi ni bwo yanditsemo  ibitabo bya kurikiye Thinks Fall Apart  kandi bya kunzwe cyane harimo : “ No Longer at Ease (1960)” “Arrow of God (1964)”,hamwe  na  “A Man of the People (1966)” , byose byerekanaga uburyo  bakemuramo  ikibazo cyinzira gakondo z’ubuzima zishyamirana n’uburyo bushya, akenshi bwabakoloni n’ibitekerezo. 

Mu 1967, Achebe n’umusizi Christopher Okigbo bafatanije gushinga igitangazamakuru kitwa Citadel Press , bagamije kuba isoko ry’ibitabo bishya  by’abana bishingiye kuri Afurika.

 Okigbo yishwe nyuma gato y’intambara  y’abaturage muri Nijeriya, maze nyuma yimyaka ibiri, Achebe azenguruka Amerika hamwe n’abanditsi bagenzi be Gabriel Okara na Cyprian Ekwensi  bavuga ku makimbirane yari muri Nigeriya icyo gihe ,banatanga  ibiganiro muri kaminuza zitandukanye.

Kuva mu myaka y’ 1970, Achebe yakoraga mu myanya y’abarimu muri kaminuza ya Massachusetts, kaminuza ya Connecticut na kaminuza ya Nijeriya. Muri icyo gihe, yabaye kandi umuyobozi w’inzu z’ibitabo ebyiri zo muri Nijeriya, Heinemann Educational Books Ltd na Nwankwo-Ifejika Ltd.

Kuruhande rwo kwandika ibitabo, Achebe yakomeje gutanga umusaruro mwinshi mu gice cya mbere cy’imyaka icumi, asohora ibyegeranyo byinshi by’inkuru ngufi n’ibitabo by’abana harimo:” How the Leopard Got His Claws (1972)”. Hasohotse kandi muri iki gihe  icyegeranyo cy’imivugo  harimo ,” Soul Brother (1971)” n’igitabo cya mbere cya Achebe cyanditswe, aricyo Morning Yet on Creation Day (1975). 

Mu 1975, Achebe yatanze ikiganiro muri UMass cyiswe “Ishusho ya Afurika: Ivanguramoko mu mutima w’umwijima wa Conrad,” aho yemeje ko igitabo kizwi cyane cya Joseph Conrad cyambuye ubumuntu Abanyafurika.

Ibyo yakoze bwa nyuma

Mu mwaka w’ 1987 yasohoye igitabo cyitwa “Anthills of the Savannah”. Igitabo cye cya mbere mu myaka irenga 20, cyashyizwe ku rutonde rw’igihembo cya Booker McConnell. Umwaka ukurikira, Yasohoye ikindi kitwa “Hopes and Impediments,”  ibyiringiro n’imbogamizi.

Mu myaka ya y’ 1990 yatangiriye ku byago: Achebe yagize impanuka y’imodoka muri Nijeriya bituma amugara kuva mu rukenyerero kandi kuva icyo gihe yagenderaga mu kagare k’abamugaye ubuzima bwe bwose. Bidatinze, yimukiye muri Amerika yigisha muri Bard College, mu majyaruguru y’Umujyi wa New York, ahamara imyaka 15. 

Mu 2009, Achebe yavuye i Bard yinjira mu ishami rya kaminuza ya Brown i Providence, ku kirwa cya Rhode, nk’umwarimu wa kaminuza ya David na Marianna Fisher akaba n’umwarimu w’ubushakashatsi bwa Afurika.

Achebe yatsindiye ibihembo byinshi mu gihe cy’umwuga we wo kwandika, harimo igihembo mpuzamahanga cya Man Booker (2007) na Dorothy na Lillian Gish Award (2010). Byongeye kandi, yabonye impamyabumenyi z’icyubahiro muri kaminuza zirenga 30 ku isi.

Video yagufasha gususuruka

Urupfu rwe 

Achebe yapfuye ku ya 21 Werurwe 2013, afite imyaka 82, i Boston, muri Massachusetts mu gihugu cya Leta zunze ubumwe z’ Amerika.

Recalling the Iconic Exit of Chinua Achebe - AfricanWriter.comChinua Achebe's “Things Fall Apart” — a Milestone in African Fiction | by  Ashinedu Art Advocate | Curious | Medium

JADO Udahemuka




Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *