Ibyo wamenya kuri Fatou  Bensouda  Umushinjacyaha mukuru wa ICC

Fatou Bom Bensouda yavutse tariki ya 31 Mutarama 1961 i Banjul  muri Gambiya, ni umukobwa wa Omar Gaye Nyang, wari umushoferi wa leta akaba n’umushoramari ukomeye mu gihugu.Ni umunyamategeko wa Gambiya akaba n’umushinjacyaha mpuzamahanga.

Fatou Bensouda veut ouvrir une enquête sur les "crimes de guerre" dans les Territoires palestiniens

Yabaye umushinjacyaha mukuru w’urukiko mpuzamahanga mpanabyaha kuva muri Kamena 2012, nyuma yo kuba umushinjacyaha wungirije ushinzwe ishami ry’ubushinjacyaha muri ICC kuva mu 2004. Mbere yaho yari Minisitiri w’ubutabera n’umushinjacyaha mukuru wa Gambiya kuva 1998 kugeza 2000. Yakoze imirimo y’umujyanama mu by’amategeko n’umushinjacyaha mu rubanza mu rukiko mpuzamahanga mpanabyaha rw’u Rwanda (ICTR).

Yize amashuri abanza n’ayisumbuye muri Gambiya nyuma mu  1982 yerekeza muri Nijeriya, ari naho yarangirije muri kaminuza ya Ife afite impamyabumenyi y’icyiciro cya kabiri cya kaminuza mu mategeko mu 1986.

Nyuma yaje kuba impuguke ya mbere muri Gambiya mu bijyanye n’amategeko mpuzamahanga yo mu nyanja nyuma yo kubona impamyabumenyi y’amategeko mu kigo mpuzamahanga gishinzwe amategeko yo mu nyanja muri Malta.

Fatou Bensouda yagizwe umunyamabanga wa Leta mu 1987 n’umuyobozi wungirije ushinzwe ubushinjacyaha muri Gashyantare 1994 ku butegetsi bwa Sir Dawda Jawara. Yagize uruhare runini mu myaka ya mbere y’ubutegetsi bwa perezida wa Gambiya Yahya Jammeh, atorerwa kuba umwunganizi mukuru n’umujyanama mu by’amategeko. mbere yo kuba Minisitiri w’ubutabera muri Kanama 1998, uwo mwanya awuvaho   muri Werurwe 2000. Bensouda yashimiwe n’imiryango iharanira uburenganzira bwa muntu kubera ko yakurikiranye vuba ibyaha byibasiye abagore n’abana.

U.S. slaps visa ban on ICC prosecutor, Gambia's Fatou Bensouda | Africanews

Hagati ya Gicurasi 2002 kugeza Kanama 2004, Bensouda yakomereje imirimo ye mu rukiko mpuzamahanga mpanabyaha rw’u Rwanda, aho yakoraga nk’umujyanama mu by’amategeko akaba n’umushinjacyaha mu rubanza mbere yo kuzamuka ku mwanya w’umujyanama mukuru mu by’amategeko akaba n’umuyobozi w’ishami rishinzwe ubujyanama mu by’amategeko.

Ku ya 8 Kanama 2004, yatorewe kuba Umushinjacyaha wungirije (Ubushinjacyaha) ku bwiganze bw’amajwi menshi n’Inteko Ishinga Amategeko y’ibihugu bigize Urukiko mpuzamahanga mpanabyaha. Ku ya 1 Ugushyingo 2004, Bensouda yarahiriye kuba Umushinjacyaha wungirije (Ubushinjacyaha). 

Ku ya 1 Ukuboza 2011, Inteko ishinga amategeko y’ibihugu bigize ICC yatangaje ko habaye amasezerano adasanzwe kugira ngo Bensouda ahitemo ubwumvikane bwo gusimbura Luis Moreno-Ocampo nk’umushinjacyaha wa ICC.  Yatowe ku mugaragaro ku bwumvikane ku ya 12 Ukuboza 2011.  Manda ye yo kuba umushinjacyaha yatangiye ku ya 15 Kamena 2012. 

Nk’uko ibiro ntaramakuru by’Abanyamerika Associated Press bibitangaza ku ya 6 Ugushyingo 2015, Bensouda yagiriwe inama ko ibyaha by’intambara bishobora kuba byarakorewe mu bwato bwa Mavi Marmara mu mwaka wa 2010, aho Abanyaturukiya umunani n’Umunyaturukiya w’Umunyamerika umwe bishwe naho abandi barwanashyaka benshi bakomeretswa n’abakomando ba Isiraheli, Bensouda yemeje ko uru rubanza rutari rukomeye bihagije kuburyo hakorwe iperereza n’urukiko mpuzamahanga mpanabyaha. 

Bensouda ni we wahawe ibihembo bitandukanye, cyane cyane igihembo cy’icyubahiro mpuzamahanga cya Jurist ICJ (2009), cyatanzwe na Perezida w’Ubuhinde icyo gihe P. D. Patil. Bensouda yahawe iki gihembo kubera uruhare yagize mu mategeko mpanabyaha haba ku rwego rw’igihugu ndetse no ku rwego mpuzamahanga.

 Bensouda yahawe kandi igihembo cy’amahoro ku isi binyuze mu mategeko 2011 cyatanzwe na Whitney Harris World Law Institute, kaminuza ya Washington, cyashimiye Bensouda  uruhuhare runini yagize mu guteza imbere amategeko kandi bigatuma agira uruhare mu ku garura amahoro ku isi.

Mu mwaka wa 2012, ikinyamakuru Time magazine cyashyize ku rutonde Bensouda mu bantu 100 bakomeye ku isi mu nomero yacyo ngarukamwaka y’ 100, cyanditse ko yagize uruhare mu gushishikariza  za guverinoma  gushyigikira ubutabera. 

Honorary Degree For Fatou Bensouda : News : University of DundeeIkinyamakuru cyo muri Afurika Jeune Afrique cyise Bensouda nk’umuntu wa 4 ukomeye muri Afurika mu cyiciro cya Sosiyete Sivile akaba n’umwe mu bantu 100 bakomeye muri Afurika.

Mu Kuboza 2014, ikinyamakuru cyo muri Togo Africa Top Success cyamwise “Umunyafurika  w’umwaka”, imbere ya Isabel dos Santos, Angélique Kidjo, Lupita Nyong’o, Daphne Mashile-Nkosi na Koki Mutungi. Muri 2015, yashyizwe ku rutonde nk’umwe mu bagore 100 ba BBC.

Muri Kamena 2020, Perezida wa Leta zunze ubumwe za Amerika, Donald Trump yatanze itegeko  ryemerera Amerika guhagarika umutungo w’abakozi ba ICC no kubabuza kwinjira mu gihugu. Muri Nzeri 2020, umunyamabanga wa Leta zunze ubumwe za Amerika Mike Pompeo yavuze ko Bensouda n’undi muyobozi mukuru wa ICC, Phakiso Mochochoko, bazafatirwa ibihano hakurikijwe iri tegeko kandi “ababashyigikira nabo ko bashobora no gufatirwa ibihano”.

 Minisiteri y’ububanyi n’amahanga ya Amerika yakuyeho visa ya Bensouda mu ntangiriro za Mata 2019. Ikinyamakuru The Guardian cyatangaje ko gukuraho viza bisa nkaho ari ugusohoza iterabwoba ry’umunyamabanga wa Leta Mike Pompeo kugira ngo abuze abakozi ba ICC gukora iperereza kubirego by’ abasirikare ba Leta zunze ubumwe za Amerika cyangwa abayobozi ba Amerika bagize uruhare mu byaha by’intambara muri Afuganisitani, Polonye, Rumaniya na Lituwaniya. Kwamburwa viza byatumye abayobozi b’Umuryango w’Abibumbye banengwa.

Balkees Jarrah, umunyamategeko mukuru muri Human Rights Watch, yanditse ku rubuga rwa twitter ko iki cyemezo ari “uguhindura mu buryo butangaje ibihano by’Amerika, byashyizweho kugira ngo bihane abahohoteye uburenganzira bwa kleptocrats, byibasiye abakurikirana ibyaha by’intambara.

Bensouda yashakanye n’umucuruzi wo muri Gambiya ufite inkomoko  muri Maroc, Philip Bensouda, bafitanye abana batatu.

JADO Udahemuka

Bana natwe tugususurutse umenye




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